We like bread at our home. In fact, we probably like bread way more than we should. It is present at every single meal and my wife loves to make it from scratch. Bread has been a staple part of people’s diet for almost as long as recorded history. Jesus takes advantage of this in his fourth miracle found in the Gospel according to John. Jesus feeding the 5,000 men plus women and children, with five loaves of bread and two fish is a powerfully and wide known miracle. In fact, it is the only miracle that all four Gospel writers share outside of the resurrection.
John 1:1-13, 48-51
After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias. And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased. And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat with his disciples. And the passover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh. When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company come unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat? And this he said to prove him: for he himself knew what he would do. Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may take a little. One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, saith unto him, There is a lad here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes: but what are they among so many? And Jesus said, Make the men sit down. Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand. And Jesus took the loaves; and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were set down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they would. When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost. Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves, which remained over and above unto them that had eaten.
Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life. I am that bread of life. Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead. This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die. I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.
The first thing we notice about this miracle is that once again, John points out Jesus’ frustration with the misplaced faith of the people. Real faith in Jesus is not about how He meets your desires. Real faith in Jesus is dependence on Him on changing you and meeting your needs.
Phillip fails at having faith.
Jesus tries Phillip’s faith to see where he stood. First Peter 1:6-7 says, “Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations: That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ.” Jesus asked Phillip if they were able to feed the people with what they had in their possession. Do you realize that Philip failed the test? He went straight to the impossibilities and limitations. Another disciple, Andrew, spoke up, even though he didn’t understand, “Here’s a boy’s lunch, but they are so insignificant in the face of such a great challenge.”
Here’s the thing, in both the failure and the passing, God taught the same lesson. Both of these would witness the miracle. Understand, that whether you fail or whether you pass, the proving of your faith is a means to the same end. Every test is a tool to build your faith, to improve your patience, and strengthen your commitment to God. There is a difference between testing and temptation. James 1:13 says, “Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man.” A temptation is a drawing away from God toward sin and God will not lead us toward sin. Testing or proving is God revealing to us where we are because He already knows. Whether we pass or fail, we when are tried, our maturity and faith in the Lord are revealed to us.
The miraculous feeding
Jesus took little and made much out of it. He was able to take the little boys lunch that was made for one and feed the great number of people. It is interesting that each of the Gospel writers uses the same actions of miraculous feeding that Jesus also used at the Lord’s Supper. Jesus takes, blesses, brakes, and gives. The repetition continues also in Paul’s teaching of the Lord’s supper in 1 Corinthians 11:23-27. What does this mean? I believe we see that anything common and mundane can become holy by God’s presence and blessing. So, not only is little made much by God’s power, the natural experience is made a supernatural experience.
Now, Jesus did provide for the physical need of the people. Jesus can supply your physical needs as well, but it at this point we see a change when Jesus discusses the refers back to the bread in a later conversation. Jesus will teach the people that followed him across the sea of Tiberias and tell them that in the same way God provided physical bread now provides them with something more important than their physical needs. Jesus is bread for our soul.
More important than the bread that fills that constantly reappearing pit in your stomach, is that God has provided everlasting bread for the chasm in your soul. Many try to fill that chasm in their soul with money, drugs, alcohol, possesions, experiences, or relationships. One of the things we see in the miracle is that the people ate until they were satisfied. In the same way, Jesus satisfies the soul and only He can satisfy you for eternity.